24 On the other hand, disagreement over the G33 proposal brought the entire negotiations to the brink of collapse, as controversy over proposed reforms of public food stocks led to discussions late into the night (ICTSD, 2013b). Emphasis was placed on the policy coherence pursued by some developing countries to promote food security with existing WTO rules and disciplines. Led by India, the G33 Coalition of Developing Countries has proposed two concrete measures. The first, relatively undisputed, was to include a number of support measures mainly used in developing countries (e.g. B, land rehabilitation, drought management and employment programmes in rural areas and settlements) as general public services under the WTO`s „Green Box“. In WTO jargon, the green box refers to measures that are considered trade-distorting or trade-distorting subsidies and are exempt from any limit on the amount of expenditure allowed. On 13 November 2014, the United States and India agreed on a series of measures to break the deadlock in the WTO to implement the agreements reached at the WTO Ministerial Conference in Bali last December.37 The bilateral agreement consists of two key elements: 18For the agreement to enter into force, two-thirds of WTO members must first ratify it. The agreement then applies to those members. In the meantime, a committee to administer the agreement will conduct a legal review of the Covenant, prepare a Protocol of Amendment for inclusion throughout the WTO Agreement, and begin receiving notifications of Category A commitments. Helping developing countries implement their trade facilitation commitments is another key area. The Secretariat, with the support of donor countries, has begun to conduct needs assessments to assess priorities and capacity-building as well as technical assistance needs.
The Doha Round of multilateral trade negotiations – which was first launched in 2001 and succeeded the Uruguay Round, which originally created the WTO – failed in 2009 when negotiators failed to narrow outstanding differences over a short list of highly controversial issues, including the allocation of such sensitive additional products as part of the introduction of new tariff quotas. the designation of products from developing countries as special and therefore exempt from tariff reductions. and to give developing countries the opportunity to temporarily increase tariffs to cope with increases or decreases in import prices.3 In the four years since the Doha Round was not concluded, WTO negotiators have sought a simpler and less controversial trade agreement to achieve minimal success and possibly rejuvenate the Doha Round, broader. The Decisions of the General Council of November 2014 concern: the work after Bali (update of the Bali Ministerial Declaration), a decision on trade facilitation as well as two legal texts (the Trade Facilitation Agreement and a Protocol on its inclusion in wto Agreements) and a decision on public stocks on food security in developing countries. The bilateral agreement also contains elements for an intensified programme of work and negotiation in order to achieve such a lasting solution. .