REAFFIRMING that the UK`s withdrawal from the EU must not infringe the rights and obligations of the Republic of Cyprus under EU law, nor the rights and obligations of the parties to the founding treaty, 55The bill therefore contains provisions allowing the Government to take the necessary steps to comply with the protocol complementing these general cross-cutting provisions. This requires a power that can be exercised by a minister of the Crown. The government can use this power in areas of decentralized jurisdiction, but it will generally not do so without the agreement of the competent decentralized administration. The agreement covers issues such as money, citizens` rights, border agreements and dispute resolution. It also includes a transition period and an overview of the future relationship between the UK and the EU. It was published on 14 November 2018 and was the result of the Brexit negotiations. The agreement was approved by the heads of state and government of the other 27 EU countries and by the British government led by Prime Minister Theresa May, but it faced opposition from the British Parliament, which needed approval for ratification. The approval of the European Parliament would also have been necessary. On January 15, 2019, the House of Commons rejected the withdrawal agreement by 432 votes to 202.  The House of Commons again rejected the agreement by 391 votes to 242 on 12 March 2019 and rejected it a third time, on 29 March 2019, by 344 votes to 286. On 22 October 2019, the revised withdrawal agreement negotiated by Boris Johnson`s government approved the first phase in Parliament, but Johnson halted the legislative process when the accelerated approval programme failed to receive the necessary support and announced his intention to declare a general election.  On 23 January 2020, Parliament ratified the agreement by adopting the withdrawal agreement; On 29 January 2020, the European Parliament approved the withdrawal agreement. It was then concluded by the Council of the European Union on 30 January 2020.
CONSIDERING that the UK`s withdrawal from the Eu represents an important and unique challenge for the island of Ireland and reaffirming that the achievements, benefits and commitments of the peace process will be of the utmost importance for peace, stability and reconciliation in that country, 8. A subsequent agreement between the EU and the United Kingdom indicates the parts of this protocol that it is taking as a replacement. As soon as a subsequent agreement between the EU and the United Kingdom enters into force after the withdrawal agreement enters into force, this Protocol does not apply, in whole or in part, from the date of application of this subsequent agreement and in accordance with the provisions of this agreement, which specify the consequences of that agreement on it. The withdrawal agreement also contains provisions for the United Kingdom to leave the Convention setting the status of European schools, with the United Kingdom bound by the Convention and accompanying regulations on accredited European schools until the end of the last academic year of the transition period, i.e. at the end of the spring semester 2020-2021.  The agreement also provides for a transitional period that will last until 31 December 2020 and can be extended by mutual agreement. During the transitional period, EU legislation will continue to apply to the UK (including participation in the European Economic Area, the internal market and the customs union) and the UK will continue to contribute to the EU budget, but the UK will not be represented in EU decision-making bodies. The transition period will give businesses time to adapt to the new situation and the new era, so that the British and European governments can negotiate a new trade agreement between the EU and the UK.
 On the European Union side, the European Parliament also approved the ratification of the agreement on 29 January 2020 and the Council of the European Union approved the conclusion of the agreement by e-mail on 30 January 2020.  That is why, on 30 January 2020, the European Union also tabled its instrument for ratifying the agreement and thus concluded the agreement and allowed it to go to the time